The community of Fallbrook began in the area known today as Live Oak County Park, however it was soon realized that the water table was to high and was not a good location for the downtown area. The community of Fallbrook has a long history rich with Indian heritage and agriculture. Among the early settlers were the Reche brothers who left Fall Brook, Pennsylvania, to establish a farm here in 1869. They planted fruit trees, grapes and later raised bees for honey. They chose the name Fall Brook for their ranch. Many others, drawn by the fertile soil and mild climate, soon made their homes here and the community became known as Fallbrook. As the population increased, the first Post Office was established in 1878. In the early years, dry farming was common for the production of wheat and olives. As water systems were established in the region, avocado production became widespread. The growth of agriculture spurred the development of a railroad line between Fallbrook and the coast in 1890 which led to increased exports, growing demand, and the rapid rise of acreage under production. Fallbrook became known as the “Avocado Capital” of the world. To this day, agriculture has remained an important component of the community’s economy and lifestyle.
Fallbrook has an average year-round temperature of 61 degrees. Due to the prevailing ocean breezes, the humidity is relatively low and constant. The average daytime high in Fallbrook is 76 degrees, although in the summer, temperatures sometimes exceed 90 degrees. Most of the area is frost-free; during the coldest periods the average nighttime temperature is about 42 degrees. Due to its proximity to the oceans, days often start with early morning fog; afternoons can be breezy. Annual rainfall is roughly 16 inches and comes mostly between November and April. Rainfall is higher in the surrounding hills, up to 20 inches. The area is ideal for avocados, strawberries, tomatoes and many other sub-tropical fruits, vegetables, and flowers. Native evergreen oak trees are common in the Fallbrook area, and in places form continuous woods (e.g. Live Oak Park area). Chaparral brushland is the other common vegetation type in the area. Avocados and Eucalyptus are the most common introduced tree species in the area.
Bonsall, Rainbow, and De Luz are Fallbrook’s neighboring communities, and share the same general history and rural characteristics as Fallbrook. Fallbrook provides a variety of goods and services for these adjacent communities, in addition to medical personnel and facilities, schools, recreation, and entertainment opportunities. Bonsall is represented by a Sponsor Group, which consist of unpaid volunteers appointed by the County Supervisor for the 5th District of the County of San Diego.
Succinctly stated, the Bonsall Community Sponsor Group’s mission is to enhance and preserve Bonsall’s rural lifestyle. Rainbow Valley, a central valley approximately four square miles in size, is the focal point of the 14.1 square mile community plan area. It is situated among the foothills between the Aqua Tibia Mountains and Santa Margarita Mountains. The foothill peaks adjacent to the valley are both rocky and steep, reaching a maximum elevation of 1,800. Large live oaks and sycamores can be found on the valley floor while scrub oak and green chaparral cover the rocky hillsides. Rainbow has a Community Planning Group. De Luz has chosen to remain under the direct authority of San Diego County, the De Luz Community Services District is comprised of approximately 20,000 acres in the Santa Rosa plateau, a mountainous area situated due west of the City of Temecula. The area is primarily agricultural in nature, with a majority of acres planted in avocados and citrus.The low-density semi-rural designation reflects agricultural land uses and the existing pattern of development. Fallbrook, Bonsall, and Rainbow are also represented on the I-15 Corridor Design Review Board. Immediately west of downtown Fallbrook is Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton and the Naval Weapons Station. Many current and retired Marine and Navy families make their home in Fallbrook. Fallbrook, Camp Pendleton and Naval Weapons work together on many community events. In times of natural disaster, they share emergency response teams, military and community personnel, and mutual assets for the benefit of all.
The hills, rivers, streams, preserves, and trails of Fallbrook offer residents and visitors a mix of rural charm and wildlife habitat in an area with the largest number of wildlife species in the nation. Nature preserves with ample hiking trails are scattered throughout the greater Fallbrook area. Historic Live Oak Park is the epitome of the oak groves that dot the community.
- The Beach (Oceanside) – 20 miles, approximately 40 min.
- Downtown San Diego – 56 miles, approximately 1 hr.
- McClellan-Palomar Airport – 28 miles, approximately 45 min.
- San Diego International Airport – 58 miles, approximately 1 hr. 10 min.
- Ontario International Airport – 67 miles, approximately 1 hr. 15 min.
- Central Orange County – 67 miles, approximately 1 hr & 25 min.
- Downtown Los Angeles – 100 miles, approximately 1 hr & 45 min.
- Palm Springs – 95 miles, approximately 1 hr & 45 min.